Karim Khan Zand, who ruled Iran from 1172 to 1193 AH in Shiraz, built a lot of buildings in the city known as the Vakil Buildings such as mosques, bazaar, baths, water depots, citadel, courtyard, barracks, caravanserai… which are the most famous for Iran Travelling. They all are located in the Shiraz Darbe Shazdeh zone.
The Vakil bath is one of the Iran Monuments that is renowned for its stunningly unique painting and has become one of the most famous places in Shiraz and Iran Tourism Attractions. Today, thirty waxen statues in this bathroom introduce visitors to the old way of life in Iran History.
The Vakil bath, made in the west of the mosque attorney, has the most advanced architectural principles of his time. According to this type of architecture, the entrance of the bathroom is small and is made with a gentle Slop to the entrance vent, which is lower than the ground level. The entrance to the dressing room is angled, all of these considerations were to prevent the entrance of the cold into and the heat out of the bathroom.
The warmth of the house is also a paving stone, but it is noteworthy that under this paving is made of narrow corridors that hot air and vapor flows into it to warm the floor of the bath earlier and easier. In the south of the house, there is Khazin, where there were two large boilers for heating the water.
On the two sides of the warm courtyard, and on the two sides of Khazine the house of two kingdoms and house of rulers were built. In the middle of every ruler house there is also a pond of marble.
Underneath the dome, beautiful lime designs inspired by religion, tradition, the interests and dreams of the people of this era attracts any visitor. The water was supplied through a grand well in the western side, that named “well cow “ just for its bigness .
The old bathrooms were used for several purposes not only for washing but also for other special uses. It was a place for people’s gathering; a place for gathering and holding ceremonies such as the birth of a maternity bath, a celebration of the ceremony of knowing girls and for proposing the girls, traditional Hanabandan events ( wedding part )…. . Since such applications require a vast space, the old bathrooms have several parts.
After Karim Khan, this bathroom changed during the course of the other kings. The buildings and decorations of the bath were restored during the Qajar period. The architects covered the portions of the building with a saber and re-decorated it. During the Pahlavi period until the second Pahlavi era, the bath was intact, and used parts of it as a private bathroom, and the dressing room or “Sar binha” used as a zurkhaneh.At the same time, there were gaps in the walls and ceiling that led to the closure of the bathhouse, and in 1351, with the help of the Archaeological Bureau, there was a major repairment.
After the revolution, the bathroom was used for some time as a restaurant and a tablecloth and damaged. The building was renamed again and was used as a museum that continues to this day.